Brizzee, et al. (2023)

Generation of a Culex Male Mosquito Sex-Separation RNAi Yeast Strain Using Cas-CLOVER and Super PiggyBac Engineering in Saccharomyces cerevisiae


Several emerging mosquito control technologies require mass releases of adult male mosquitoes. Previous studies resulted in the generation of a laboratory female-specific larvicidal yeast strain targeting the GGT gene, which facilitated the laboratory sex separation of male Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes. Global deployment of this yeast-based sex-separation technology requires engineering second generation yeast strains which can be used in industrial-scale fermentations to support global mosquito control programs. In this study, the RNA-guided Cas-CLOVER system was used in combination with piggyBac transposase to generate robust Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains with multiple integrated copies of the insecticidal GGT shRNA expression cassette. Top expressing Cas-CLOVER strains killed Culex quinquefasciatus female larvae which consumed the yeast, facilitating male sex separation. Scaled fermentation resulted in kilogram-scale production of the yeast, which can be heat-killed and dried for global deployment to mosquito mass-rearing facilities.

An image showing the larvicide activity of C. quinquefasciatus following pilot fermentations

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Guides & Protocols

Guide RNA Design For Cas-CLOVER